This report presents the findings from the 2016 administration of the Ghana National
Education Assessment (NEA), carried out by the National Education Assessment Unit
(NEAU) within the Ghana Education Service (GES). The NEA is a biennial nationally and
regionally representative measure of pupil competency in mathematics and English in
primary classes 4 and 6 (P4 and P6). In 2016, the NEA was revised to assess P4 rather than
P3 pupils to better align with Ghana’s current language-of-instruction policy.
The 2016 edition was the sixth application of the NEA, and it covered all 10 regions of
Ghana, sampling 550 schools and testing 35,996 pupils over the course of three days in July
2016. The sample size was designed to be representative at the national and regional levels,
but not at the district level.
The 2016 NEA was a classroom-based multiple-choice written test whose content was based
on the national curricula. The P4 test contained 40 items each for mathematics and for
English, and the P6 test contained 45 items for each subject. Test items covered skills and
knowledge across the following domains:
Shape and Space
Data and Chance
For the past three administrations (2011, 2013, and 2016), the United States Agency for
International Development (USAID) has sponsored technical assistance to the NEAU through
the Education Data for Decision Making (EdData II) contract. Under this contract, test
content was improved, comparability of test results between 2013 and 2016 was ensured and
a test item bank was developed to facilitate future test development and administration. Pilot
testing ensured that individual items within the test would measure the intended cognitive
skills with reliability and an appropriate range of difficulty.