This panel session will be chaired by Alison Pflepsen, GRN Reading Specialist.
- Classroom Observations for Different Purposes: Guidance and Recommendations for Effective and Sustainable Adaptation and Use of Classroom Observation Instruments; Ashley Hertz (GRN Consultant), Emily Kochetkova (GRN Consultant)
- Observation for Monitoring or Observation for Coaching: Same or Different?; Julia Frazier (FHI 360)
- Users, Functions and Findings: The Evolution of Classroom Observation Tools for Literacy Instruction in Uganda; Rachel Jordan (RTI International)
- The Stallings Classroom Snapshot Observation System: Measuring Change in Teachers’ Use of Classroom Time for an EGR Initiative in Ghana; Andrew Epstein (Social Impact)
The importance of lesson or classroom observation in early grade reading (EGR) initiatives is increasingly gaining attention in low-resourced country contexts as governments, donors and other stakeholders recognize the importance of their use in improving teacher performance and student learning. However, classroom observations (CO) can serve many different purposes and each requires an appropriate instrument and careful attention to its administration and use.
Results from a recent Global Reading Network (GRN) survey on classroom observation found that EGR programs observe teachers for a variety of purposes: 1) to inform feedback and on-going support tailored to individual teacher needs; 2) to monitor program implementation, 3) to evaluate program impact, and 4) to explore linkages between specific teachers’ instructional practices and student learning outcomes.
The objective of this panel is to present the different purposes and uses of classroom observations in EGR programs; share a survey results and CO experiences; and provide guidance to the many stakeholders who are involved in the development and use of CO instruments in EGR programs. Presenters will discuss the following topics:
- Different purposes and uses of classroom observation in EGR programs
- Results from a CO survey highlighting challenges and best practices of instrument development and use in early grade reading initiatives
- Specific experiences and lessons learned from EGR programs relating to instruments; adaptation and/or use for different purposes including coaching, monitoring, and evaluating impact
- Recommendations for more effective and sustainable use of classroom observations in reading improvement initiatives.
Presentations will highlight some of the key questions and debates EGR programs are confronting in their development and sustained use of classroom observation instruments and provide illustrative examples of how some organizations have tried to address these challenges in their programs and recommendations for further practice.