Universal Design for Learning to Help All Children Read
This toolkit supports the Universal Design for Learning (UDL) educational framework, which guides the development of flexible learning environments that accommodate individuals with learning differences.
Providing evidence-based research and information on effective teaching techniques, the toolkit offers information on how to teach early literacy skills to students with different categories of disabilities, including how to best apply these theoretical approaches in practice in Low- and Moderate- Income Country (LMIC) settings. Although the toolkit provides information on multiple aspects of literacy (grammar, spelling, and writing), the techniques and interventions focus on the concept of reading as taught in the early years of primary school.
Specifically, the toolkit describes:
- the phases of literacy for students with disabilities;
- supports and services that can be used to gain literacy skills;
- specific instructional techniques using the framework of UDL;
- suggestions to monitor students’ progress;
- funding practices and suggestions for a phased approach to move towards inclusive education; and
- a self-reflection checklist that covers many of the items in the toolkit to help educational systems recognize possible gaps and areas for improvement.
This is the first iteration of this toolkit; it is anticipated that future versions will be developed that build upon lessons learned and the application of recommendations in LMICs.